You may have knee surgery to treat pain in the joint due to a traumatic injury, such as torn cartilage or a torn ligament. It can also treat other conditions, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis.
Mobility is crucial at any age. When your knees suffer from any problem moving and walking start to feel as a major effort and that can hinder a very large aspect of your life.
Knee surgery is often used for the treatment of different conditions that can cause knee pain. While non-surgical treatments are often attempted for initial treatment, there are situations where knee surgery becomes the recommended or necessary treatment. Learn about different types of knee surgery and the conditions that are best treated with each.
At Meddistant, we help you find a knee surgery procedure that fits your exact needs without breaking the bank. Our high quality network of hospitals and clinics around the world are vetted to the highest quality standards set by ISO and JCI assurance organizations.
Types of knee surgery
There are various types of knee surgery. The type that a person has will depend on the particular injury to the knee joint. These include:
MeniscectomyThe official name of the surgery that involves the removal of a portion of the meniscus cartilage from the knee joint. The meniscus is a shock-absorbing wedge of cartilage that sits between the bone ends to provide cushioning and support. Smaller meniscus tears can usually be trimmed to relieve the symptoms of a torn meniscus.
Total knee replacement
When other treatments cannot alleviate the pain, total knee replacement is the most common kind of knee surgery for arthritis. The operation involves replacing the whole joint. Surgeons only undertake total knee replacement surgery as a last resort, often when the joint is irreparable, the damage and reduced mobility interferes with everyday life.
During the procedure, a surgeon will remove the joint and replace it with one typically made from Oxinium oxidized zirconium a metal alloy with a surface of zirconia ceramic for the weight bearing surface.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that involves making a small cut in the skin over the knee, inserting a small light, and using small instruments to diagnose and treat knee problems, including:
- Removing or repairing torn menisci, which are part of the cartilage in the knee joint
- Repairing a torn cruciate ligament inside the knee
- Trimming torn pieces of joint cartilage
- Removing loose bodies, which are small fragments of cartilage or bone floating inside the knee
- Removing an inflamed joint lining
This is an operation that involves the surgeon cutting, reshaping, and repositioning the bones to take some weight off the damaged part of the knee.
Sometimes, surgeons carry out this procedure to help correct a broken bone that has not healed properly.